前端工程师手册

HTML常用标签

div

div标签用于组合其他HTML元素,本身无实在意义。常用于页面的布局,比如一个展开式的广告页面框架大致如下:

<body>
    <div id="wrap-container">
        <div id="collapsed-container"></div>
        <div id="expanded-container"></div>
    </div>
</body>

h1~h6, p, span, strong, em...

此类标签用于设置文本,常见的使用方式是填充段落,比如弹出的legal框文字HTML结构如下:

<div id="legal-window">
    <h4>LEGAL</h4>
    <img id="legal-close" src="img/embed/legal-close.png" alt="close window">
    <p>*Requires a system with Intel<sup>&reg;</sup> Turbo Boost Technology. Intel<sup>&reg;</sup> Turbo Boost Technology and Intel<sup>&reg;</sup> Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 are only available on select Intel<sup>&reg;</sup> processors. Consult your PC manufacturer. Performance varies depending on hardware, software, and system configuration. For more information, visit http://www.intel.com/go/turbo. Copyright &copy; 2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. Intel, the Intel logo, Intel Core, Look Inside, Intel Inside, and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries. Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.</p>
</div>

ul, li, ol, dl, dt, dd

此类标签用于设置带有列表内容的,比如导航栏的下拉菜单,多视频的缩略图等:

<ul class="nav-tools-list">
    <li>
        <div>
            <img src="shoppingtools-icon-1.png" alt="">
            <span>Build & Price</span>
        </div>
    </li>
    <li>
        <div>
            <img src="shoppingtools-icon-2.png" alt="">
            <span>Incentives & Offers</span>
        </div>
    </li>
    <li>
        <div>
            <img src="shoppingtools-icon-3.png" alt="">
            <span>Request a Local Quote</span>
        </div>
    </li>
    <li>
        <div>
            <img src="shoppingtools-icon-4.png" alt="">
            <span>Search Dealer Inventory</span>
        </div>
    </li>
</ul>

form表单相关

页面中涉及到表单时候,需要使用到form相关标签:

<form name="frm-sample" class="frm-sample" action="try" method="post">
    <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
    <div id="status-message"></div>
    <div id="sample-captcha"></div>
    <a id="check-is-filled" class="info-btn">Check if visualCaptcha is filled</a>
    <button type="submit" name="submit-bt" class="submit">Submit form</button>
</form>

table表格相关

页面中涉及到table结构,需要使用到table相关标签:

<talbe></talbe>

img, canvas

用于图像显示。一般不直接操作img,canvas元素,而是在它的外层包裹一层父级元素(可以为span,div等),对父级元素进行操作:

<div class="preload" data-src="CheddarBacon.png">
    <img src="CheddarBacon.png" alt="">
</div>
<!-- or -->
<div id="sprite-car" class="cw-sprite sprite-car" cw-interval="30" cw-loops="1" cw-auto-play="false" cw-texture="images/sprites/expanded/car-texture.png" cw-mapper="car">
    <canvas class="cw-renderer" width="460" height="130"></canvas>
</div>

a

a标签用于打开链接,发送邮件,段落跳转等功能。使用时需要注意阻止掉标签的默认事件。

链接跳转,常见的关于分享按钮的HTML结构如下:

<div id="shareBox">
    <ul>
        <li id="facebook">
            <a target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-shareWay="facebook">
                <img alt="Post on Facebook" src="img/embed/f4Icon3.png" alt="Facebook" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li id="twitter">
            <a target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-shareWay="twitter">
                <img alt="Tweet this" src="img/embed/f4Icon4.png" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li id="pinterest">
            <a data-pin-do="buttonPin" data-pin-config="none" target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-shareWay="pinterest">
                <img alt="Pin it" src="img/embed/f4Icon5.png" />
            </a>
        </li>
        <li id="email">
            <a target="_blank" rel="nofollow" data-shareWay="email">
                <img src="img/embed/f4Icon6.png" />
            </a>
        </li>
    </ul>
    <p></p>
</div>

发送邮件的代码片段如下:

<div class="button">
  <a class="mail" data-img="mail.png" href="mailto:example@gmail.com?subject=xxx&body=xxx"></a>
</div>

段落跳转代码片段如下:

<div id="html5"></div>
<a name="user-content-html5" href="#html5" class="headeranchor-link" aria-hidden="true"><span class="headeranchor"></span></a>

HTML5标签查询

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html5-cheat-sheet